The 358 Tritype Archetype

The 358 Tritype Archetype, The Solution Master, includes the 358, 385, 538, 583, 835 and 853. This Tritype is a dynamic achiever and power broker, but is also often misunderstood.

From the outside, the 358 Tritype may seem like a brash, confident and success driven achiever that does not suffer fools gladly. They can appear to be tough-minded individuals that can easily call a spade a spade, but can also come across as stony and insensitive.

This is true in part because the 358s are street-wise and believe in the school of hard knocks. They think that one learns the most by doing, and they think that the best lessons in life are learned by having to do things the hard way.

The 358 is known for being strategically brilliant but also for being blunt and to the point. Their inner drive is to succeed and conquer. They do this by using a mind over matter approach to life and their innate ability to quickly size up the competition or situation at hand. They begin by setting their sights on something that is of interest to them and then developing and executing the plans needed to acquire it. They achieve their goals by employing foresight, strategic planning and step-by-step analysis.

538’s are known for being impersonal and unemotional. Yet the truth is everything is very personal for them. They see life as one giant chess game that they intend to win through mastery.

But that is only part of the story. They succeed not because they do not have emotions, but rather because they are not limited by emotions. The 358 can separate their emotions from any issue at hand, which can at times be confusing to some of the more tender-hearted Tritypes like the 269, 379, or 469, all of whom use their emotions to make decisions. In fact, the 358 Tritype believes that emotions confuse and limit, only serving to slow them down.

358s focus on the long game and have very little use for ignorance. They are demanding of themselves and others. They are natural entrepreneurs and generally achieve whatever they set out to do. They seek and can readily identify the competitive advantage in any area of life, whether in business, sports or love. They will always have or will readily develop a strategy for success.

Their main focus in life is to achieve the realization of their ambitions. They do this by enduring and overcoming adversity. They never give up and do not back down or give in. Setbacks become fuel for future endeavors. Failures pave the way for greater successes.

They are no nonsense people that value experience over titles or degrees. They are extremely hard workers and very self-motivated. They can be seen as work-a-holics, but they truly love whatever they do or they would stop doing it. They are what they achieve.

Another important part of the story is that the 358s are actually thinkers and doers rather than feelers. Underneath their logical solution mastery is a tender-hearted person that manages distress by doing something to fix a problem rather than being trapped in what feels like illogical emotional chaos. The truth is that the 358 is uncomfortable with emotions; both their own emotions and the emotions of others. This is because they value data and information and fail to see the data and information that emotions provide.

358s have a defense strategy that survives by learning from their experiences so that they can succeed the next time they face the same problem. Emotionally charged experiences that result in feelings of shame and humiliation leave the strongest impressions. As a result, these are the areas of life that the 358s wish to conqueror first. And these are the first lessons the 358s want to teach loved ones.

358s do not want anyone they care about to suffer or be disadvantaged because their loved one is mired in an emotional crisis or emotional paralysis. They vividly remember the times they felt debilitated because their own emotions got in the way of affirmative action. As a result, 358s prefer the power that comes from action and mental constructs even at the expense of their emotions. They are naturally more adept at using their will center and mental center. They see their ability to go into action and use a mind over matter approach to life as much more reliable than the inconstancy of the heart. They prefer the world of logic, thoughts, actions and willfulness, over the world of feelings and emotions. Instead of offering sympathy, they offer strategies.

They respect those that overcome obstacles and they admire those that develop the confidence that ensues as a result of overcoming adversity. They want their loved ones to learn how to provide for themselves so that they will have the confidence and know-how that comes from succeeding by learning from failures. They show love by teaching them how to provide for themselves and/or by providing resources for those in their circle of care rather than offering sentiment. But more specifically, they demonstrate love by teaching loved ones how to survive and make it on their own not matter what life throws at them.

You can learn more about Tritype in the upcoming Enneagram Tritype Online Master Class beginning May 15th by clicking here.

Mistyping Sexual 4s as 8s

Sexual 4s mistyping as an 8 is a common one because both the 8 and the 4 are emotionally intense. One intriguing insight that helps to clear up this common mistyping is that the Sexual 4 can be "counter-envious" with 8-like tendencies.

Claudio Naranjo described the Sexual 4 as often appearing "more 8 than an 8." This sexual 4 is in denial of envy, is self-confident, claims position, and knows his or her own worth ("I deserve it").

Moreover, this 4 can be cannibalistic, overstep boundaries, and diminish others to make the self bigger and to prove one right. This sx4 is extremely emotional, passionate and assertive. They express their 'passion for protest' and their viewpoints in an overtly emotional manner. This intensity and appearance of confidence, seems to be 8ish but actually hides the 4 fear of abandonment, which is at the root of the outburst.

The sexual 4 becomes emotionally demanding whereas the sexual 8 becomes unemotional and commanding. This is because the 4 is emotionally dependent as a means of survival, demanding the symbolic 'good mother' whereas the 8 detaches as means of survival and goes it alone.

The sexual 4 values raw authenticity at all costs and throws caution to the wind in the moment of intense emotional distress. In contrast, the 8 backs away from frequent emotional displays as the 8 sees such displays as a sign of weakness and as such, disempowering. The 8 seeks to control their world and reputation. So, the 8 is more likely to adopt a stance of indifference and "my way or the highway", hitting the road running and hiding in open spaces.

A great example of the Sexual 4 is Al Pacino's character in Scent of a Woman.

More detail on the 6w7 639 Tritype and its Instinctual Types and Subtypes

I promised a long time ago to say more about the 6w7 639 Tritype.

The 639 Tritype is the primary Tritype and the most amenable and adaptable of the 27. This Tritype includes the core type of each center of intelligence. The core of each center is seeking to balance the opposites within each center to create resolution. The core of each center is usually out of touch with the focus of their respective center and tend to be caught in the dance of opposites created by the opposing defense strategies of the wings in each center. So the 6 as the center of the head triad struggles to trust themselves and their own inner guidance. They oscillate between feeling they need to be an expert about something or feeling they need to know a little about everything to feel safe.

The 3 is trying to manage the overall fear of being ignored, the 6 is trying to manage the fear of fear itself and chaos and the 9 is trying to manage the fear of being overlooked and unimportant. Together, the focus is on creating, restoring and maintaining peaceful relating.

If your Tritype is the 369 it reinforces the primary issues. As a result, neutralizing conflict is a primary concern.

The 7 wing gives the 6 a lighter touch and a desire to manage stress with quick witted, often self-deprecating humor. So, the 6w7 with the 639 is the friendly boy or girl next door that wants to engage with others as a means of survival.

This strategy is true even if the person is shy. And, the extroverted 639 still feels cautious and/or has doubts but the extraversion makes it easier to bridge their shyness by saying something funny and/or witty. The introverted 639 uses their shy smile to disarm and engage others.

The Self Preserving 639
The self-preserving 639 is preoccupied with their physical needs. They focus on their sense of security and what will keep them feeling safe, nurtured, and comfortable. They tend to worry about everything associated with their essential needs, focusing on the demands of their home, job, pension, and family, etc.

Being disarming and friendly are tools of the trade for the self-preserving 6. And a friendly, and socially acceptable partner may be considered just as important as a good job as both reinforce that they have what they need in times of uncertainty. As such, they monitor their physical needs and resources to gage if they are safe and secure. To maintain a sense of well being they may also track the physical needs of their designated other(s). This can be exhausting and feel difficult to manage so they often keep their world small, letting in only one person or a trusted few.

The Social 639
The social 639 is preoccupied with their place or position within the group(s) of their choosing. Ideally, their group needs to be considered socially acceptable and their partner needs to be considered friendly and successful to insure and maintain the security that comes from status.

They focus on being dutiful and supportive to the people, beliefs, values and/or creeds they have chosen to align with. As such, they monitor who is doing what with whom and whether or not feel included and secure. To maintain their security they seek a role or position within their group(s) and family systems to insure they have others that will come to their aid should they need it. They see themselves as dedicated and loyal to the people in their lives. They instinctively shape shift and become what their others need in order to be deemed worthy of admiration and protection.

The Sexual 639
The sexual 639 is preoccupied with selecting and/or being a desirable and irresistible alpha mate. They are more intense and counter-phobic than the self-preserving and social 6. They seek intensity and chemistry in their intimate relationships and tend to push the edge in whatever they do. They manage their fears and anxiety by jumping into situations that cause distress proving to themselves that they are strong enough to manage whatever feels threatening. They can move from fear to action in nano seconds when they have already projected a worst-case scenario and have prepared for it. As a result they may not identify with having fear.

The sexual 639 focuses on having and being strong enough and/or beautiful enough to attract a desirable mate that will stand beside them and protect them when they feel insecure. Strength may mean physical strength and beauty or can be defined as someone that is extremely smart and competent. Ideally, they want their mate and close friends to be extraordinary in some way they feel they are not. As such, they may choose a mate that they think is smarter than most so that they feel they have all of their bases covered. To that end, they adapt to what their mate or partners want to insure they have their special someone that will stand together with them against an uncertain world.

12 Tips for Typing

Understanding one’s Enneagram Type, Tritype and Instinctual Subtype can dramatically increase one’s ability to critically self-assess. With awareness, one can apply the wisdom of these insights and can create the opportunity for radical change and transformation.

People new to the Enneagram love to discover the Enneagram Types of their friends, family members and co-workers. Initially, one may mistype themselves or others. This happens for a number of reasons. Knowing what to look for can help to increase the possibility of accurately typing one’s self and others.

1 Behavior vs Motivation
First and foremost, the Enneagram is a model of motivation and NOT behavior. It is not what one does, but rather why one does what they do that is important when considering one’s dominant Enneagram Type. Looking at behavior alone will lead one astray much of the time. One needs to examine multiple factors when determining type, including: language use, energy, micro expressions, gestures, posture, carriage, tone, archetype, and whenever possible interviews.

2 Intuitive Hit Gut Reaction
When typing 'instantly' we are doing the 'blink' test as described in Malcolm Gladwell's book, Blink. It is often accurate but sometimes it is not. As cool as it would be to type someone instantly, it is just not possible. Soon, computer software will be able to analyze facial features and movements and be able to do it. Until that time, we need to examine multiple factors to confirm type including: language use, focus, body type, posture, facial features, energy, archetype, and micro expressions.

3 Self- Awareness
One’s self-image does not always include all aspects of one’s personality. Many of us see ourselves as we feel we would like to be, should be or need to be, rather than as we actually are. To confirm one’s dominant Enneagram Type, Tritype and Instinctual Type with the greatest degree of certainty, one needs to possess or develop critical self-awareness. This generally needs introspection as well as feedback from others.

4 Testing Instruments
Testing instruments are helpful indicators of one’s potential Enneagram Type but instruments are only as accurate as an individual’s ability to self-assess. Testing accurately is especially difficult for Types 6 and Type 9, as they tend to see themselves and others in terms of behaviors and situations rather than motivations. This is an important aspect of their defense strategies. Both seek balance, identify with other points of view and evade anything perceived to be limiting.

5 Tritype When one first learns about the Enneagram, one will often relate to a few Enneagram types, often identifying some of the types in one’s Tritype: the dominant type in each center of intelligence, head (567), heart (234) and gut (891). One is motivated by the needs and concerns of all three types in their Tritype. In the beginning, some may identify with one of the types in their Tritype more than the other types. It may or may not be their dominant type. It can take time to clarify which type is dominant.

6 Instinctual Subtype
Often, one can mistype due to common look-a-likes. The three Instinctual Types: self-preservation (security), social (belonging), and sexual (intimacy) can appear similar to the three centers of intelligence: gut (891), head (567) and heart (234).

The Instinctual Types are the more primitive aspects of personality. Sometimes one’s instinct can be so dominant that it is hard to see which Enneagram Type is dominant. For example, sexual subtypes can appear 4ish or like heart types (234), self-preserving subtypes can appear 6ish or like gut types (891) and social subtypes can appear 1ish or like head types (567).

7 Lexicon Language Use
22 years of research has revealed that each Enneagram Type, Tritype and Instinctual Type speaks in its own lexicon. One will describe events and people in the language of their primary Type, Tritype and Instinct. For Example, the 7 will be playful and talk about what is fun, interesting and exciting whereas the 6 will caution others and focus on certainty, possible threats, and what can go wrong.

8 Micro Expressions and Movements
How one looks and expresses themselves can give important clues as to one’s Enneagram Type. Micro expressions can help to distinguish common look-a-likes if we consider one’s use of the 7 primary emotions and resulting micro expressions: anger, contempt, disgust, fear, sadness, surprise, and happiness. Each Enneagram Type tends to overuse some micro expressions more than other micro expressions. For example, the 1, 4 and 7 all overuse the micro expression of contempt whereas the 6 overuses the micro expressions of fear and surprise.

Some combinations are especially confusing. For example, gut (891) types that have the sexual instinct are often confused with heart (234) types. However, if you examine micro expressions and micro movements, it is easier to see important clues that further suggest type.

For example, generally speaking, the sexual 8 eyes are piercing and feral with the corners of the mouth turned down whereas the social 2 eyes are sore, liquid, attentive, and tracking with the corners of the mouth turned up.

The energy of the head types (567) is excitable and erratic whereas the energy of the gut (891) types is slower and more measured. The tone of the heart types (234) is light and melodic whereas the tone of the gut (891) types is more monotone.

9 Archetypes
There are 7 basic visual archetypes in each type: Priest, Server, Artisan, Sage, King, Warrior and Scholar. A primary archetype was assigned to many of the Enneagram Types and has become the stereotype. If an individual has the same archetype as the stereotype of their respective type, they are much easier to identify. This happens about 80% of the time. The other 20% are atypical and one must observe the lexicon use and micro expressions of the individual to confirm type.

For Example, Tom Cruise is a Priest archetype and the Priest is the stereotype of sexual 3. So, most experts agree that he is a 3. Russell Crow is the Warrior archetype and the Warrior is the stereotype of 8, so, most agree that he is an 8. An atypical example of archetype is Kate Hudson. She is a sexual 7 with the Server/Sage archetype. The expected archetype for sexual 7 is the Sage/Priest.

10 Psychological Health

Being psychologically healthy and spiritually aware always makes it more difficult to type someone by behavior. Anyone can behave well or badly. Again, it is not what we do but why we do it that determines someone’s type. That is why it is essential to type by motivations and core fears rather than behaviors. An individual’s education, spiritual or psychological development does not matter if you focus on what motivates someone.

11 MBTI
I would also add one's MBTI... There are always exceptions. In general, the assertive types are 8, 7 and 3 but they can be introverted which can make typing a little more complex. Just as you can be extroverted and be a withdrawn type such as 4, 5 or 9.

12 Meaning
The symbolism and meaning we give to something can change the energy. For example, yin/yang is a common symbol for the 9. But any type can appreciate the symbol. The question is why someone likes a symbol. If it is because a loved one liked it, it is very different that I relate to the yin/yang symbol.

My Interview with Dr. David Kamnizter on the Power of Instincts

 

 

 

Spiritual Paths throughout time have developed different ways of addressing and handling the human instinctual drives of survival, sexuality, and group affiliation.  Most Paths involve some “rules” or “experiments” in relation to money, diet, sexuality, lifestyle, fraternization, and service.

Various psychological schools posit different views on the relationship between human awareness, social standards, and instinctual drives.

For many human beings, their ENTIRE LIVES are largely about avoiding the domination of instinctual energies.

Manipulators of all kinds prey on humans who are in such a place.

What is a human being to do???

Personally, I am attracted to approaches that encourage and guide us to safely encounter, accept, own, forgive, and utilize the energy of … and transform our relationship with instinctual energies such that they ground and anchor our spirituality and humanity!

In short, it is time to “honor the belly”, and integrate its functioning with the mind and heart, ultimately demonstrating a seamless synthesis of human self-expression.

Join Dr. David in this powerful conversation with Katherine, as they explore the use of the Enneagram for just this purpose.

As in Part One of his interview with Katherine, Dr. David volunteers himself as a “guinea pig”, to bring the Teaching to Life!

Enjoy! (and make sure you listen to Episode 10 first)

My Interview with Dr. David Kamintzer on The Power of Enneagram for Transformation & Tritype

Imagine a code that can empower you to tap the deepest recesses of your psyche, in order to really see your blind spots … and discover your hidden strengths, all the while increasing compassion for yourself and others!

In fact, such a code already exists.  It is called the Enneagram (pronounced ANY-a-gram).  The key question … as usual … is … How do I ACCESS the code?

Katherine Fauvre is a wonderful Guide to the Enneagram.  Not only does she have a deep understanding of it, she is also an excellent Guide and coach and researcher.

She studied with most of the “greats” … and went on to uncover and update a previously esoteric understanding and application of the Enneagram she calles TriType.

In this episode, Dr. David and Katherine introduce you to the Enneagram as a tool for Transformation, and then go on to discuss the power of TriType.

As a special treat, Dr. David bares his soul and uses himself as a human “guinea pig” to bring it all to life!

Sit back … Relax … and Enjoy … the delightful Katherine Fauvre.

My Interview at the Enlightened Business Summit

This interview is part of the Enlightened Business Summit, a free online event featuring world-renowned entrepreneurs, coaches and mentors. For more information, please visit enlightenedbusinesssummit.com.
 
Learn:
How to bring enlightened communications to your business by honoring personality diversity

Discover:
How the Enneagram can be used to become a more conscious leader
How the Enneagram can be used to understand and motivate others
How the Enneagram contributes to leadership by creating dynamic, productive, sustainable, and conscious organizations.

Google Hangouts — Enneagram Q&A with Ben & Jonathan

In these 2+ hour Google Hangouts I am asked a variety of questions about my experience with the Enneagram including questions about the origins of Tritype, my work with the Instinctual Stackings,  the missing pieces regarding the dissemination of the Enneagram,  Integration and Disintegration, your positive and negative identification with each instinct in your stacking. Great fun! 
Thank you Ben and Jonathan.

Enneagram Coaching
To learn more about Katherine's style of coaching.

The full playlist of the hangouts I've done with them is embedded here:

1 Hour Interview — The Integrated Empath: How to turn your gift of sensitivity into a joyful life

I am happy to share the 1 hour interview I did last month for the EmpathySummit—The Integrated Empath: How to turn your gift of sensitivity into a joyful life.

My topic was The Enneagram and Empathy: The 9 Types of Empathy, and was part of a larger telesummit on the topic of Empathy and Highly Sensitive People. 

I defined the qualities of the 9 Enneagram Types as I've learned them by integrating the teachings from many Enneagram experts including Ichazo, Naranjo, Speeth, Condon, Riso/Hudson, Palmer/Daniels, Hurley/Donson and O'Hanrahan — in addition to my own primary research. I then talk about how each of the 9 enneagram types express empathy in their own unique way. 

This interview is appropriate for all Enneagram Enthusiasts, both beginner and advanced.

Katherine's 2017 Enneagram Global Summit Recording, Enneastyle: The 9 Languages of Enneagram Type.

Listen to Katherine's 2017 Enneagram Global Summit Recording, Enneastyle: The 9 Languages of Enneagram Type.

This interview is about Katherine's study of Enneastyle and her findings as to what the 9 Enneagram Types said about themselves and how they converse in their own distinct language. The cluster of words, images, and phrases the types most frequently used revealed meaningful aspects of their 'internal experience' of their Enneagram Type. 

The interview is part of the Enneagram Global Summit a free online event that helps you discover a powerful personality typing system for understanding yourself, your soul gifts and your relationships.  For more information, please visit http://enneagramglobalsummit.com

Enneagram Lexicon:
The words the Types and Instincts most commonly use and why…

Discover what the 9 Enneagram Types and 3 Instinctual Types say about themselves on the Enneastyle Questionnaire... 

This year I presented some of my findings on the Lexicon and language most commonly used by the 9 Enneagram Types.

Each type has its own unique lexicon and converses in its own language. The words, images, and phrases the types most frequently use reveal meaningful aspects of the Types and their internal experience of type.

Which Type uses the word ‘loving’ the most?
Which Tritype® says they avoid ‘negative people’?
Which Type uses the word clean?
Which Instinct uses the word soul?
Which Type uses the word tasteful?
Which Type frequently says ‘it depends’ and why?

The answers to these questions may surprise you.

The way the types describe themselves reveals their ‘internal’ experience, which can be very different from the ‘external’ expression of the types. Looking at a person’s behavior can give us important clues as to his or her potential type… but how that person speaks and his or her preferred vocabulary is far more revealing.

This will be a multimedia presentation with exercises, exemplars and panels. This work is based on 21 diverse research studies conducted over 22 years with thousands of international participants, Enneastyle Questionnaires, typing interviews, and in-depth coaching sessions.

This year I will be presenting my findings on the Lexicon and language most commonly used by the 9 Enneagram Types.

For example, when a 6 is asked how they feel about something they frequently say, "It Depends" on the circumstances. They naturally track behaviors and inconsistencies and respond according to the situation at hand. This is because 6s want to be prepared, in an effort to insure they have the safety, certainty and security they desire.

7s love to be interested and interesting. They used the term "amazing" long before it became a trend. They will often mention that they are "excited" about an upcoming event. And they frequently report that they feel optimistic, happy, inspired, enthusiastic and/or joyful.

Intuitive Genius:7 Key Principles That Define Genius

Over the years I have given a lot of thought to what constitutes genius... I have found that we all have genius.... and that we innately recognize it in others… But often, we forget or are unaware of our own genius. The journey of self-discovery affords an opportunity to find and experience our genius. With guidance, genius can be seen when we examine the intersection of our innate gifts, Tritype, instinctual stack, MBTI, archetypes, and social roles, etc. About 40 years ago, I explored the nature of genius and settled on 7 key points that I felt constitute genius… I have taught these principles ever since to empower others. As many of you already know, I use many systems to define, describe and delineate nuances. This article is no exception… ;) Recently, I found that there is consensus regarding these very same points. To me, this is truth in motion... and further confirms that we can all find universal truths... So, when I saw this, I decided to share what I have been teaching for years... so that you can share these principles with those that you know, love, guide or coach….What principles define genius?

1-Disparate and unconnected Phenomenon

Genius accepts and unifies what appears to be disparate and unconnected. In these troubled times, it is more important than ever to reconnect disparate fields of thought. By reuniting the social sciences and humanities with the hard sciences, we can generate the multi-dimensional view needed to re-envision the social process and create the structure needed to heal the wounded aspects of society. We can begin by embracing our chosen life lessons, letting go of fear, surrendering to the process of awakening, and teaching others to do the same…

2-Opposites

Genius has the ability to recognize the truth in opposing points of view and to resolve possible contradictions at a higher level. Even as children, those that could hold opposites and differences as one and the same felt the most inspired when they created space for truths of a different bias… So I see genius as sensing the yin and yang in every situation and finding meaning in diverse and opposing points of view…When we have empathy, we can walk in another’s shoes and recognize that the so-called sinner and the so-called saint…are one and the same…And, genius seeks, accepts and appreciates that there is a back story to every situation…and as such, realizes that when all is known and understood, all is forgiven…

3-Original Thinking

Genius thinks and expresses in original ways that represent man’s eternal search for meaning, potential to transcend limitations, and innate desire to evolve as a species. We as a society need to encourage original thinkers to consider, create and develop radically new or improved social models to overcome the limitations of existing, ineffectual social, political, economic and correctional systems. Wise souls are pioneering spiritual pirates that see old things in new ways… honoring the wisdom and traditions of their ancestors while embracing and supporting the passions of the younger generations… Genius always challenges ‘what was’ in favor of being present to and acknowledging ‘what is’ true in the moment…

4-Profundity and Totality

Genius sees life in its profundity and totality. Life, Divinity and the universe are profoundly simple… yet exquisitely complex…like the individual drops that create the ocean, the continuous movement of the spiral, or the symmetry and uniqueness of a snowflake. So I see genius as seeing the whole as greater than the sum of its parts. As we gain more and more experience we see all of life as one…and what hurts you hurts me…

5-Opportunity

Genius sees opportunity where others see problems or nothing at all. All problems are opportunities to discover new perspectives, ideas and solutions…just as necessity is the mother of invention. Every obstacle, no matter how difficult, leads to new insights. Suffering teaches us to have depth of character and gives us the opportunity to become compassionate with others and ourselves. 

Tears of sadness signal that we are connected to the center of our sorrow and the depth of our despair.  Exquisite pain reminds us that it is because of love that we grieve its absence. Tears of joy teach us how to experience and celebrate our moments of union and flow… When we are attuned to what is omnipresent… and we celebrate and inspire others we experience higher states of bliss and enjoyment.This is true if we are awe-struck by the beauty of a rainbow, a magnificent sunrise or sunset, or the emotional transcendence we feel when we hear a beautiful voice. In these moments we feel touched and transformed and can experience tears of joy. 

Joy and sorrow are the twin emotions that cannot exist without the other. It is the unification of these emotions that invokes our essential nature, creates the opportunity to accept change, and create new paradigms. In this state of unification we become more and transcend the duality imposed by limitations.

6- Identifications

An in-depth study of what constitutes genius could identify the criteria needed to pinpoint and nurture original genius in all realms of life… from the classroom to the boardroom, and to the county jail. Without being taught, we all know genius when we see it, hear, it and feel it because it transports us to a higher state of consciousness... Genius is inherent in all of us… We each have our own calling and role to play in the tapestry of life at this time. Genius already exists in every moment…and in every person… Whatever or whomever we believe we are… we are not… We are not our role or our masks, we are not our history or our past, and we are not our aspirations… they are simply vehicles of expression. Our essential self cannot be defined by a label… it is the aspect of personality that transcends our instincts and ego. Remembering who we truly are and following our bliss and our soul’s mission is the key to living a more fulfilling life…We need only begin where we are… free of the limitations of the past or the future… by simply attuning to the truth of the present moment and what it has to offer. We don’t need to find it but rather need only to acknowledge it, trust it and cultivate it…in ourselves and with others.

7- Passion

Genius follows intuitive inspiration regardless of the hardships and limitations that must be faced, endured and overcome. Passions are intense emotions that are compelling and are not limited by reason, cultural standards or dogma. Intense emotions ignite the passions for the improbable, which in turn lead to new insights, new frontiers, and new states of being and awareness. Genius seeks the inner quest and follows natural flow and the path of unfoldment…. 

When we follow our passions and intuitions we experience the flow of inspiration and see multiple solutions to any given problem or situation. This flow is effortless and leads to an enriched and inspired life regardless of any obstacles, setbacks or difficulties. Genius takes the path less traveled, and more importantly, resistance, social pressure or disapproval does not deter genius. 

All emotions are meaningful. Passionate emotions create movement and break through barriers of personal and social indolence and stagnation. Negative emotions are inevitable. Genius allows and nurtures the expression of all emotions as mind-body wisdom. Judgment is a biological imperative. In the human condition we are designed to critique and judge for the purpose of survival... so we need not judge ourselves for judging. Instead, if we honor and allow the natural flow of our judgments as our mind trying to protect us, we can let go of the pain and/or fears associated with the judgments and be present to the guidance, abundance and interconnectedness that is always available. 

Genius follows natural flow and the path of unfoldment… Genius seeks the inner quest. When we follow our intuitions we experience the flow of inspiration and see multiple solutions to any given problem or situation.  Openness to our passions and emotions creates the opportunity to tap into the universal and experience transformation through insight. This fosters compassion and enhances reunification at a higher level of awareness. Genius unites the time-tested experience and wisdom of our elders with the passionate, daring and enthusiastic innocence of our youth, generating the focus needed to seek new frontiers, create innovative models of consciousness and shift paradigms. How is this true for you?

Reflections on Enneagram Type: A Workshop with Dr. Claudio Naranjo

Introductory Note:

Studying the Enneagram has been a turning point in my life. From the first book  I read and later  my first course given by Tom Condon, I became fascinated with the possibility of understanding the nature of the forces that make us who we are, and began to avidly study the Enneagram. After the Stanford conference, I studied with Helen Palmer and David Daniels, whose Professional Training and panels masterfully taught me to have empathy and compassion for all of the types. Don Riso's and Russ Hudson's Professional Training gave an organized psychic structure for each type, complete with the Levels of Health, which explain why two people of the same type can appear to be so different. Each lesson was distinctive and a testament to the seemingly inexhaustible way of evaluating human nature, and all filled a different section of the broad mosaic that is the Enneagram. For the wisdom of Gurdjieff, Ichazo, Naranjo, and my teachers, and those before them who have been the custodians of this knowledge, I am respectfully grateful.

When I was asked to write this article, I felt there was much I could share about this extraordinary workshop. However, writing about the experience proved to be another matter, for Claudio's and my speaking and writing styles are so different, as I tend to string adjectives together for emphasis, and he chooses concise words or phrases that say it all. Therefore, this article is, in effect, my "translation" of Claudio's teachings, and so any awkward phraseology should be attributed to me. Similarly, although this is my impression of what Claudio was saying, the information was so rich that it may well have resonated differently with others. Stated concisely, I walked away from the experience with a more expanded, integrated view of type. Now for the string of adjectives. ;)

In April of this year, Claudio Naranjo held a week-long workshop in Boulder, Colorado, his first in-depth teaching of the Enneagram in this country in more than 20 years. I was fortunate enough to be able to attend, and found that Claudio's unique style of teaching contributed as much to the learning experience as did the content. With wisdom, kindness, skill, and patience, Claudio freely gave of himself, indulging us and politely answering questions in a responsive yet neutral manner, creating an environment in which I thrived.

Claudio placed little emphasis on the structure of the workshop, instead placing more significance on the transmission of information toward a greater goal that emerged day by day. Interspersing nuances and descriptors with theories, the week unfolded. Rather than having an agenda and covering the types in an A-to-Z manner, Claudio's approach was distinctive and focused on relativity. Instead of a methodical approach, he employed an intriguing conversational style, similar to the way we actually speak, spontaneously and with free association.  Just as you might begin to predict what he would talk about next, he would suddenly journey into another deeper realm of the Enneagram before ultimately returning to his original path. On any subject, he would weave in nuances, theories, information, comparisons, character sketches, and a touch of humor. Thread by thread, random thoughts were strung together, and the tapestry of type began to take form. Often serious, sometimes thoughtful, clearly curious, and always knowledgeable, he elaborated on type. As a teacher, storyteller, and sage, he interwove more obvious, overt pathology with the hidden simplistic view of the wounded child. I found myself paying rapt attention to each pearl of wisdom, stringing them together one by one.

Beginning with a history of the Enneagram, Claudio acknowledged the works of Gurdjieff, Ichazo, Freud, Jung, Sheldon, Pearls, Horney, and others, combining their theories with Eastern philosophies and spiritual practices. Claudio explored many schools of thought, uniting Western psychology with Eastern traditions, resulting in a highly integrated view of type. First he discussed the different passions, and then examined the types, ultimately breaking the types down by the three instinctual subtypes. This was remarkably effective, in that we got the essence of the fixation prior to assigning it a number. The benefit of this approach was that when we were examining the actual passion, it was unfiltered by our previous conceptions of what that type was supposedly like. It contributed to an overall "layered" effect that I think opened up the organized mind.

Claudio started with interesting general observations of the passions, and then proceeded to discuss each passion in depth, making memorable statements along the way. For example, he defined the sloth of the 9 as a "lack of voltage," no motivation, and out of energy, stating that you cannot repress anger without repressing everything. He referred to it as a laziness of awareness, which he called being "functionally dumb," not a dumb person, but choosing to function with dispassion; and the laziness was of awareness or consciousness, because awareness is too painful, and distraction is preferred (e.g., "don't rock the boat; let's not create a problem by seeing how it really is"). He described it as a defense of "not knowing." In contrast, the passion of the 2 is pride and "ego flattery" or "egocentric generosity," and represents a "love trauma." The 2 has "false abundance" and is in full denial of emptiness, filled instead with false love, often "promising more than they deliver, and delivering more than they promise." As Claudio noted, there is not much room for the self when filled with pride.

In describing the passions, Claudio did not try to make them appear equal, yet suggested that all the passions equally keep us from our essence. Possibly, the mood in a society or a historic moment may determine whether or not a particular passion is considered good or bad. If so, this might explain his theory that many 3s believe they are 8s, for in business, some 8-like traits are valued and esteemed. Thus, some 3s, recognizing that this is how they need to be seen in order to be successful, have identified themselves as 8s; but their underlying motive is that of a 3, which is to fulfill the role.

Claudio teaches that the wings are ever-present, and that the point is the convergence of the wings. He introduced theories that the passion is the "yearning" and visible by age five and is a response to the situation, an emotional pattern, whereas the fixation is the "way of being," a life philosophy and an abstraction that is in place by age seven. He also teaches that the instinctual type is one of three sub-personalities that is the "auxiliary passion." He suggests that outwardly the instinctual subtype can look positive, like a talent, or something of which one should be overly proud, but inwardly is a reflection of unhappiness with a price to be paid, e.g., "the oyster is not too interested in the price of the pearls."

With regard to the instinctual subtypes, one intriguing insight to type 4 was the introduction of a rare type of sexual 4 that can be "counter-envious" with 8-like tendencies, which Claudio described as often appearing "more 8 than an 8." This sexual 4 is in denial of envy, is self-confident, claims position, and knows his or her own worth ("I deserve it"). Moreover, this 4 can be cannibalistic, overstep boundaries, and diminish others to make the self bigger and to prove one right. Examples given were Hitler and Pacino in Scent of a Woman. This raises the question of "counter types" for each of the Enneagram points.

Claudio's words were carefully measured, extremely concise, and effective. There was nothing forced or artificially balanced, with no sense of "apology" with respect to any particular type, thus permitting one to view the types clearly. For example, when discussing the passion of fear, he described it as a lack of courage or as too much fear, in effect a fear of fear, adding that perhaps all of us can be cowards, but not all of us are afraid of fear. He submitted that the passion arises from the attempt to avoid experiencing fear or projecting fear, and trying to ignore having fear, resulting in suspicion and no faith in self. So a defiant, counterphobic attitude arises from the need to defend and be guarded, to be inhibited. This suggests how the counterphobic 6 differs from the 8, the 6 is inhibited, whereas the 8 is notï¿i.e., the counterphobic 6 can be bold and do heroic things ("military man") but still have phantoms or phobias.

He further stated that 6s feel "swallowed by others." This choice of words creates a clear visual picture that rings with validity. Being "swallowed by others" might be interpreted as a fundamental fear of what could happen to them, a terrible fantasy, imagined exaggerated danger. There is a tendency to submit, and the counterphobic fights that tendency, while the phobic runs away. Anything new would be threatening, terrible. Therefore, the 6 is slow and "holds back and does not display" and instead becomes a "proof" junky.

Choosing words that create pictures is another impression of Claudio's teaching style. Furthermore, he does not seem to use the same approach for each type, and instead uses the words that serve the type. As an illustration, Claudio sees the 7 as passive-aggressive with humor, diplomacy, and conscious manipulation, believing that "having my way is love." When he talked about the aspect of rationalization of the 7s, he referred to them as having a lubricated or "slippery" quality. As "utopians," the 7 likes and offers gentleness. With a philosophy of life to "live and let live," the 7 has a lighthearted way of getting around the super ego. Yet, "behind every good boy there is a spiteful brat" (Fritz Perls), and what is not observable is the 7's non-connection and hidden paranoia.

Claudio views the chief feature as the "core of character," a "distorting of reality, an illusion, a trap, a cognitive defect, a ruling passion¿the crazy idea about things," and sees the passions as the basic motivations. He described that all the passions are various deficiency motivations¿a wanting, a form of light passing through different filters creating different colors. The capital sins, as well, are thought to be deviations in psychic energy, creating destructive effects in life and spiritual obstacles.

He portrayed the fixations as ways of being hung up on our own assumptions of reality¿the fixation is the particular assumption of reality we have, and it crystallizes in our consciousness, "lack of appreciation of life as it is," and is slightly different for each of us. My understanding is that he believes that we contend with all nine fixations, and that it is just a matter of which one we overuse.

Claudio sees the 5 as feeling a sense of impoverishment, having very limited resources and energy, and with non-expression of feeling (dry, desert-like depression). They tend to amputate reality, repressing whatever they feel is bad about themselves, and because of such repression, their unexpressed anger goes inward. Thus, they are easily depleted and look inward so keenly that solicitations from the outer world are experienced as interference, i.e., "you are in the way of my listening to myself."

Both the 5 and 1 seem to repress anger. However, by comparison, the passion for the 1 is anger and is motivated by the need for "perfect values," perfectionism, and more importantly a lack of acceptance for imperfection. So unlike the 5, the 1 has inverted anger "reaction formation," a moral superiority, kindly intentions that cover anger, a rejection of one's own experience in favor of what should be (a willed positive regard not supported by true loving feelings), therefore at odds with reality.

Working with further distinctions, he explained that the reason the 1 and 3 have a surface resemblance is that the 3 has the "right image" (e.g., the perfect person), whereas the 1 has the "perfect values." He cited Dick Tracy, Barbie, and Star Trek's Mr. Spock as examples of the 3. He sees the 3 as having no feelings, like HAL the computer in the movie 2001. The 3 modulates expression of feeling; they look like they feel "nice" when they do not feel "nice" at all. The deception is the logical and clear simulation of feeling. Think of HAL, who in an effort to be efficient killed off his own people and then kept the information from himself and searched for the killer.

Claudio teaches transmission through relativity, which he accomplishes by comparing opposites by juxtaposition rather than by cataloguing. Everything is compared and contrasted and has a point of reference, i.e., the Sexual 4 is arrogant and demanding, whereas the Self-Preservation 4 is oneish and tenacious; or the 8 is spending energy, whereas the 5 is saving energy.

Another aspect of comparison is the relationship of opposition in the Enneagram. For example, the 1 and 5 are on the "anal axis," the 2 and 7 are on the "oral receptive axis,"  and the 4 and 8 are on the "oral aggressive axis." Some of the similarities between type included those that shared common issues. In addition, the 1 and 5 have issues with control, the 2 and 7 share issues with connection, and the 4 and 8 share intensity.

Claudio introduced a multitude of theories and intriguing ways of slicing the "Enneagram pie." Of the triads, he said the 8-9-1 was the triad dealing with ignorance or unconsciousness, the 2-3-4 with craving or desire, and the 5-6-7 with issues of hate or aversion. In addition, the 8-9-1 was the neutral aspect of the Enneagram, the 2-3-4 was the extroverted perspective of the Enneagram, and the 5-6-7 was the introverted. He saw the right side of the Enneagram as primarily feminine and social, and the left side as primarily masculine and antisocial, and so on. He gave us many, many different Enneagrams, so to speak. These perspectives suggest different internal views he has synthesized, resulting in how he sees type.

With regard to the polarity of temperament, he viewed the 7 and 4, as well as the 5 and 2, in sharp contrast to one another. The 7 is seen as the happy character, whereas the 4 is seen as the sad character; and the 5 is seen as having cool aloofness, whereas the 2 is seen as having warmth and intimacy.

Another aspect of temperament was mood. He talked about mood (elation versus depression), and that the 2-3-4's are quick and gregarious, and the 5-6-7's slow and timid. He discerned that within the triad, there is a contrast in mood. For example, the 2 and 7 have the high moods, and the 4 and 5 have the low moods, in their respective triads. An example of the high mood in the "extroverted triad" is the 2, which we know to be up, quick, gregarious, and outgoing. Similarly, an example of the low mood in the "introverted triad" is the 5, which we know can be depressed, slow, withholding, and withdrawn, and so on.

As mentioned, the 4 and 5, at the pit of the Enneagram, are hypersensitive and see the abyss, and are difficult and fussy versions of the low moods from the two different triads. In contrast, 8-9-1, the third triad at the top of the Enneagram, is described as ignorant, neutral, insensitive, and unconscious, and as "defensive extroversion with an avoidance of inwardness." This insensitivity is perhaps a reflection of self-forgetting. As an example, the 8 has "solution mastery," tends to be a cynic, exploitive, and focuses on the simple nuts and bolts of life, and is viewed as tough, rebellious, vindictive, insensitive, and thick. Most important, the 8 is insensitive to subtlety, and needs strong stimuli, e.g., "loud music, heavy spices, and intensity to feel alive."

Having submitted our childhood histories to Claudio prior to the workshop, we were also able to delve into a variety of self-diagnostic psychological exercises and broke into groups by type, where impressive similarities and patterns emerged when the data was shared. We put our results to graphs, clearly demonstrating a similar pattern of attention, which was even more visible when we shared the results on panels.

Through observing the demeanor of a person, something can be perceived that is deep and profound. The trick is to be able to recognize it when it manifests. This brings to mind a Holographic picture or kaleidoscope, which when shifted reveal images not previously seen. Similarly, you need to know what you are looking for when determining type. As to knowing what to look for, perhaps it is in reality everything synthesized that with subtlety reveals a crystallized sense of type, like the varying perceptions realized from the Holographic picture or the kaleidoscope. Therefore, when an individual displays an "eagle eye," upright posture, with a carriage that is very proper and held tight, and with a finger that tends to point out all the "shoulds" and "should nots," we might all agree that this is a 1. Admittedly, this approach may not always work, for there is invariably the element of individuality. However, this concept clearly represents a way of seeing that, if understood, can be extremely powerful.

Of course, there remains an ongoing question, which subtleties do you decide are defining and, thus, indicative of type? It is unlikely that one answer will apply to everyone, and so an approach for one type will not necessarily work for another. What was most noteworthy about this workshop, its style and approach, was how it emphasized the subtle nuances about all the types, the messages that surface on their own and that you can recognize if you are receptive to them. The ability to do this must be what Claudio calls his "nose" or "seeing through the game of the other.

Claudio's focus was on recognizing the pathology and the hidden passion of the types. He reinforced that the study of typing must go beyond written descriptions, and that of much more importance is the ability to recognize type intuitively. He emphasized creating more of an environment for seeing the subtleties, trusting the gut, and letting the subtlety be the dominant factor.

I found the week to be evocative. I came away with a more expanded sense of type and yet a narrower set of criteria, "ennea-types," Claudio's assessment of personality type according to the Enneagram. The nuances have continued to surface for me. I have discovered that there is an underlying subtlety that cannot be conveyed through using one particular word or descriptor. Perhaps we rely too much on descriptors, since it is tempting to want to classify. More important, I believe there is something inherently revealing in a person's posture, something detectable in our speech, our manner, our carriage, and the distinctive way we respond to situations.

In conclusion, Claudio explained that the logic of the system suggests that whereas truth is liberating, a felt insight must also come into play; and by working on the virtues with attention to practice, transformation can occur. Finally he suggests that working with a trusted group that will call you on your fixation is one of the most effective ways to challenge your compulsive behavior and will support the growth process. 

Karen Horney and the Enneagram

Karen Horney is believed to be one of the most innovative psychoanalysts since Sigmund Freud. Her original contributions include the concepts of alienation, self-realization and the idealized image, and a new understanding of the importance of culture and environment. Her approach has proven to be both useful and pragmatic.

 Dr. Horney was born in Hamburg, Germany in 1885. She attended the University of Berlin, receiving her degree in 1913. She studied psychiatry at Berlin-Lankwitz and later taught at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute. In addition, she was a participant in the International Congresses including the discussion of lay analysis chaired by Freud.

In 1932, Horney came to the United States. She is known to have been an Associate Director of the Psychoanalytic Institute in Chicago, a teacher at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute, and ultimately one of the founders of the Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis and the American Institute of Psychoanalysis.

One of Horney's primary interests was the impact of cultural and social issues in addition to childhood conflicts when evaluating the constitution of personality. She ultimately conceived one of the most used personality typologies in the therapy field1. Her descriptions of the observable features in both the normal character and the pathological character are a common typology shared with the Enneagram typology. In particular the Hornevian models, Enneagrammatically known as theHornevian Triads, potentially directly correspond and extend the insights into the more subtle aspects of the Enneagram.

Inspired by the platonic thoughts about will, emotion and reason, Horney described three personality types in response to inner conflict: the Expansive Solutions, the Self-Effacing Solutions, and Resignation. These types were determined, depending on whether a person is opposed to others, and moves against (aggressive), moves toward others (compliant or dependent), or stands apart and moves away (withdrawn).

The Expansive Solutions require an aggressive stance with an attempt to control, dominate and exploit others, and with a strong need for their will to prevail. More outwardly focused the orientation is towards projects and results.

The Self-Effacing Solutions require a dependent or compliant stance, with an adjustment to the opinions and desires of others, and with a strong need for acceptance. How others feel about them is first and foremost.

Resignation requires a withdrawn stance, with an attempt to detach, retreat, and move away from others, and with a strong need for independence, privacy, and self-protection. Inwardly focused, insecurity is concealed by the appearance of aloofness or superiority.

The comparison between the Hornevian models and the Enneagram types can be viewed from many perspectives. As is generally the case when comparing any different typologies, there does not seem to be an exact match. There do, however, appear to be intriguing possibilities when viewing the Horney models in conjunction with the Enneagram types individually as well as in relationship to the types' respective centers.

This suggested correlation was documented and superbly explained by Fabien and Patricia Chabreuil2. Their work combines the work of Horney, Don Richard Riso, and KathyHurley and TedDobson.

For example, the Enneagram centers have been described in similar terms as defined by Horney's types.

The instinctual or gut center (8-9-1) is body-based and can be seen as having a desire to take action in the world, which can be related to the aggressive type.

The emotional or heart center (2-3-4) is feeling-based and can be seen as having a desire to focus on others' needs and to positively affect others in the world, which can be related to the compliant type.

The mental or thinking center (5-6-7) is thought-based and can be seen as having a desire to give greater importance to the interior world of ideas, which can be related to the withdrawn type.

In the Enneagram community, we have heard different theories regarding the inner dynamics within centers. One view originally expressed by Riso3 and expanded upon by Hurley and Dobson 4 is that of the unused or repressed center respectively.

In conjunction with the Horney types, Riso describes the (3-7-8) as aggressive types, due to issues with the nurturing figure, the (1-2-6) as compliant types due to issues with the authority figure or rule giver, and the (4-5-9) as withdrawn due to issues with both figures. This concept clearly identifies an aggressive, compliant, and withdrawn type within each center.

 In addition, Hurley and Dobson elaborate that the aggressive types (3-7-8) have repressed their emotional center and are little focused on others, and thus can be defined as seeking expansive solutions and being Horney's aggressive type. The dependent types (1-2-6) have repressed their mental center and given up thinking, and can thus be defined as seeking temperate solutions and being Horney's dependent type. The withdrawing types (4-5-9) have repressed their instinctive center with a tendency towards self-protection, inaction, and isolation, and can thus be defined as seeking enlightened solutions and being Horney's withdrawing type.

To further season the correlation, I would add the works of Kathleen Speeth, G.I. Gurdjieff, and Helen Palmer. As noted by Speeth, it is believed that Gurdjieff5 approached the centers and the individual types within their respective centers in a similar approach. The centers represent our three brains and correspond like stories in a building. The lower story (8-9-1) is defined as the moving center, the middle story (2-3-4) is defined as the emotional center, and the upper story (5-6-7) is defined as the intellectual center.

Following this line of study, Palmer delineates the three centers in a similar fashion naming them the three centers of intelligence, belly (8-9-1), heart (2-3-4) and head (5-6-7)6.

 Similarly, Riso describes these same centers as triads, the Relating (8-9-1), the Feeling (2-3-4), and the Doing (5-6-7). In addition, his descriptions explain that within each triad one type over-expresses the characteristic faculty of the triad, another under-expresses the faculty, and the third (the primary type 3-6-9) is most out of touch with the faculty.7

Gurdjieff and the Enneagram authors appear to agree that it is the predominant use of the preferred center that creates the imbalance or over-use. Recognizing and developing the benefits of the additional two types of intelligence is the first step towards a more balanced, succinct whole.

If in fact the Enneagram is truly elegant in its symmetry and not random or arbitrary, would not all the approaches to the centers seem equally valid and pertinent? And if the insights of Horney are equally respected for their time-tested typology, why not overlay these valuable insights and examine and synthesize the confluence within the diverse findings.

To begin, if the centers represent Horney's three models, the relating center (8-9-1) gut/moving would be aggressive, the feeling center (2-3-4) heart/emoting would be compliant, and the doing center (5-6-7) head/thinking would be withdrawn.

To continue as previously suggested , if the three Enneagram centers correlate with the three Hornevian types, the Expansive Solutions aggressive, moving against type would suggest the Belly Center, 8-9-1, moving, relating, and anger. The Self-Effacing Solutions compliant, dependent moving towards type would suggest the Heart Center (2-3-4) emoting, feeling, and image. The Resignation withdrawing, moving away would suggest the Head Center (5-6-7) thinking, doing, and fear.

Now if we overlay the Hornevian types as they correspond to the Enneagram suggested by Riso and Hurley and Dobson, we have the aggressive types as 3-7-8, the compliant or dependent types as 2-3-4, and the withdrawing types as 5-6-7, giving us the following insightful combinations as stated by the Chabreuil work:

                                                            8          aggressive-aggressive

                                                            9          withdrawn-aggressive

                                                            1          compliant-aggressive

                                                            2          compliant-compliant

                                                            3          aggressive-compliant

                                                            4          withdrawn-compliant

                                                            5          withdrawn-withdrawn

                                                            6          compliant-withdrawn

                                                            7          aggressive-withdrawn

In addition, if we flavor this overlay with the contributions of The Gurdjieff Work (by Speeth) and Palmer, we have an intriguing perhaps powerful picture of possible similarities and distinctions that may further explain the subtlety of each Enneagram type.

For example, if we synthesize Horney's work with the works of Gurdjieff and the Enneagram according to Palmer, Riso, and Hurley and Dobson, we might have the following interpretation:

8

Boss/Leader

Aggressive-Aggressive

Blocked Feeling with Aggressive Action and Thought

Generally, the 8 is described as the Boss and the Leader and is defined as the most aggressive type of the Enneagram. The fixated traits include anger, domination, vengeance, arrogant justice, insensitivity, with the need to be strong and powerful to avoid vulnerability. The 8 is in the gut center, which is also aggressive, supporting this theory. In addition, the repressed center would be feeling. Therefore, these factors combined would suggest a personality type with blocked feeling with aggressive action and thought (the tyrant or the protector).

9

Mediator/Peacemaker

Withdrawing-Aggressive

Blocked Action with Resigned Thought and Aggressive Emotion

Generally, the 9 is described as the Mediator and the Peacemaker. The fixated traits include over-accommodation, sloth, indolence, nonaggression and merging, passive-aggressive tendencies, with the need to be agreeable and easy going to avoid conflict. The 9 is in the gut center, which is aggressive. In addition, the repressed center would be the gut center (this could result in inaction). These factors combined would suggest a personality type with blocked action with resigned thought and aggressive emotion (the sloth or the mediator).

1

Perfectionist/Reformer

Compliant-Aggressive

Blocked Thinking with Compliant Action and Aggressive Emotion

Generally, the 1 is described as the Perfectionist and the Reformer. The fixated traits include critical hidden anger and resentment, with the need for rules and standards to be appropriate and above criticism and to avoid impropriety. The 1 is in the gut center, which is aggressive. In addition, the repressed center would be the thinking center. These factors combined would suggest a personality type with blocked thinking with compliant action and aggressive emotion (the critic or the reformer).

2

Giver/Helper

Compliant-Compliant

Blocked Thinking with Compliant Emotion and Action

Generally, the 2 is described as the Giver and the Helper and is defined as the most other-oriented, compliant type of the Enneagram . The fixated traits include pride, repression, helpfulness with manipulation, and hostility, with the need to be appealing to avoid being ignored. The 2 is in the heart center, which is also compliant, supporting this theory. In addition, the repressed center would be the thinking center. These factors combined would suggest a personality type with blocked thinking with compliant emotion and action (the needy one or the nurturer).

3

Performer/Motivator

Aggressive-Compliant

Blocked Feeling with Aggressive Action and Compliant Thought

Generally, the 3 is described as the Performer and the Motivator. The fixated traits include deceit, vanity, positive identification, pretension, and superficiality, with the need to be successful to avoid failure and being second best. The 3 is in the heart center, which is compliant. In addition, the repressed center would be the feeling center (this could result in emotional indifference). These factors combined would suggest a personality type with blocked feeling with aggressive action and compliant thought (the deceiver or the performer).

4

Tragic Romantic/Artist

Withdrawn-Compliant

Blocked Action with Resigned Emotion and Compliant Thought

 Generally, the 4 is described as the Tragic Romantic and the Artist. The fixated traits include envy, artistic sublimation, melancholy, moodiness, and drama, with the need to be special and unique to avoid being defective. The 4 is in the heart center, which is compliant. In addition, the repressed center would be the gut center. These factors combined would suggest a personality type with blocked action with resigned emotion and compliant thought (the tragic figure or the sensitive individualist).

5

Observer/Thinker

Withdrawn-Withdrawn

Blocked Action with Resigned Thought and Emotion

Generally, the 5 is described as the Observer and the Thinker and is defined as the most withdrawn type of the Enneagram. The fixated traits include avarice, compartmentalization, greed, and isolation, with the need to be perceptive and knowledgeable to avoid emptiness and not knowing. The 5 is in the head center, which is also withdrawn, supporting this theory. In addition, the repressed center would be the gut center. These factors combined would suggest a personality type with blocked action with resigned thought and emotion (the withholding observer or the researcher).

6

Devil's Advocate/Loyalist

Compliant-Withdrawn

Blocked Thinking with Compliant Emotion and Resignation

Generally, the 6 is described as the Devil's Advocate and the Loyalist. The fixated traits include fear, doubt, projection, and cowardice, with the need to be dutiful and loyal to avoid uncertainty and deviance. The 6 is in the head center, which is withdrawn. In addition, the repressed center would be the head center (this could result in the doubting mind). These factors combined would suggest a personality type with blocked thinking with compliant emotion and resignation (the reactive loyalist or the guardian).

7

Epicure/Generalist

Aggressive-Withdrawn

Blocked Feeling with Aggressive Thought and Resignation

Generally, the 7 is described as the Epicure and the Generalist. The fixated traits include gluttony, intellectual sublimation, options, and optimism, with the need to be fun and happy to avoid pain and sadness. The 7 is in the head center, which is withdrawn. In addition, the repressed center would be the heart center. These factors combined would suggest a personality type with blocked feeling with aggressive thought and resignation (the indiscriminate escape artist or the visionary).

Does not Horney's typology, in conjunction with the Enneagram, further explain what at first glance appear to be Enneagram look-alikes? Thus, the inverted types would suggest surface similarities, but they would have core differences. For example, the 1 is the compliant-aggressive, whereas the 3 is the aggressive-compliant, which is often difficult to distinguish. Similarly, the 4 is the withdrawn-compliant, whereas the 6 is the compliant-withdrawn, and the 7 is the aggressive-withdrawn, whereas the 9 is the withdrawn-aggressive, likewise making them difficult to distinguish without further inquiry.

Furthermore, as noted by the Chabreuils, the perspective of the repressed center and Horney's typology tends to focus on the Enneagram point's behavior, whereas the preferred center is more indicative of the defense mechanism and interior world.

Moreover, does this not suggest that there are three ways of being aggressive, being compliant, and being withdrawing? For example, the 8 is double aggressive (definitely goes after desires and hangs in for the long term), whereas the 3 is aggressive-compliant (goes after desires but complies to social standards of success), and the 7 is aggressive-withdrawing (goes after desires but gives up if the going gets tough).

Just imagine if we were to overlay the Harmonic Triads and subtypes as well . . . _ . . . but that's another essay.

 In conclusion, correlating the Enneagram with the Horney models in regard to the centers, as well as the Riso triads and the Hurley and Dobson repressed center, as documented by the Chabreuils, is rich in data that can be interpreted on many levels. The addition of The Gurdjieff Work, in tandem with Palmer's work, gives body and breath to a personality typology that indeed is neither random nor arbitrary, but rather maintains a quality and elegance in its inherent symmetry.

 

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 1      Horney, Karen, Our Inner Conflicts; New York (New York), W.W. Norton, 1945; and Neurosis and Human Growth; New York (New York), W.W. Norton, 1945.

2          Enneagram and the Horney Typology; Enneagram Monthly, Volume 1, Number 10.

3          Riso, Don Richard, Personality Types: Using the Enneagram for Self-Discovery; Boston (Massachusetts),  Houghton Mifflin, 1987.

4          Hurley, Kathleen V. and Dobson, Theodore E.; (Theodorre Donson) My Best Self: Using the Enneagram to Free the Soul; San Francisco ( California), Harper San Francisco, 1993.

5          Speeth, Kathleen Riordan; The Gurdjieff Work; New York (New York), G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1989.

6          Palmer, Helen; The Enneagram: Understanding Yourself and the Others in Your Life; San Francisco (California), Harper San Francisco, 1991.       

7          Riso, Don Richard, Understanding the Enneagram: The Practical Guide to Personality Types; Boston (Massachusetts), Houghton Mifflin, 1990.  

Enneagram Instinctual Types, Intimacy and Pair Bonding

A noteworthy point of interest that emerged in my first Instinctual Subtype Research Study was the manner in which the three instinctual types seek and secure a mate.

All of us have or will seek a mate at one time or another.  Whether the mate is a close platonic friend or a romantic partner, the needs remain the same. Early research revealed that the dominant instinctual drive: self-preserving (survival), social (prestige) or sexual (Intimacy) will shift to the other two instincts as needed to ensure its influential role in this trialectic instinctual system. The way in which the dominant instinct employs the other two instincts appears to be very specific and predictable. The dominant instinctual drive maintains the role of the commander in chief and the other two are channeled through its lens.

For example…

The self-preserving instinct may consider a mate as an essential resource in order to maintain and insure security. Or, the self-pres instinct may avoid having a mate that could drain resources. They report that when they wish to attract a mate, they try harder to look desirable and pay greater attention to their appearance. They spend extra time and effort to that end and may workout, wear sexier clothing and/or cologne. Once a mate is secured, the self-preserving type will return to basic routines that are more focused on comfort and ease. An area of pain and disappointment for the self-pres type is when they have a mate that is unwilling to pay attention to issues of security and disrupts their need for security and inner calm.

The social instinct will seek a mate that could potentially insure the desired security that rank and social status can provide… or a mate with a shared social vision. Or, the social could be anti-social and avoid having a mate and others. Once the mate chosen and in place, the social will return to their outside interests, groups and/or activities. An area of pain and disappointment for the social type is when they have a mate that is unwilling to pay attention to their need for people, activities, causes and/or is unwilling to share their interest in others.

The sexual instinct will seek the greater world and become more social to find "the" desired mate. It is about chemistry and intensity. One must be social to find "the one" among the many. But, only "the one" will do. Some sexual types will try over an over again to find "the one" while other sexual instinctual types will abstain from dating or pairing until they magically encounter their twin flame or special mate. Once the mate is selected they will focus on twinship and become a pair even in groups. They want to fuse totally and completely with their desired other dissolving boundaries and creating their own private world.  An area of pain and disappointment for the sexual is when they have a mate that is unwilling to pay attention to their need for intimate contact, intensity and union on all levels.

Enneastyle: The 9 Languages of Enneagram Type

Enneagram Background

The Enneagram is a dynamic 9 point personality system that combines sophisticated modern psychological tools with ancient wisdom. The Enneagram symbol (any•a•gram; ennea is Greek for nine, and gram means drawing) is a circle enclosing nine equidistant points connected by nine intersecting lines. This symbol has its roots in the Middle East in ancient spiritual traditions. The nine points represent the ways in which the nine different personality types perceive and defend their realities. As we know it today, the Enneagram is a vital link between Eastern spirituality and Western psychology. It is a theory of nine personality types that is complex and sophisticated and yet is a sensible and easily understood tool for self-discovery.

The wisdom of the Enneagram is that it recognizes nine very different yet inherently valid views of reality. The power of the Enneagram is that it is a profound and comprehensive tool to harness and transform self-defeating behavior into life-enhancing personal empowerment. The gift of the Enneagram is that through self-discovery, one can create and sustain meaningful and lasting relationships.

The Enneagram symbol dates back to Pythagoras. It was brought to the West by George Gurdjieff around 1900. In the late 1960s, Oscar Ichazo introduced ‘Enneagons’ as a tool for self-discovery to a group in Arica, Chile. He was the first to identify key aspects of each of the nine Enneagram Types. Dr. Claudio Naranjo was a part of that group. In the early 1970s, Dr. Naranjo expanded on Ichazo’s work and began teaching the Enneagram to a SAT (Seekers after Truth) group in Berkeley, California in the USA.

Later, Maria Beesing, Patrick O’Leary, Robert Nogosek, Don Riso, Russ Hudson, Helen Palmer, Dr. David Daniels and others added new elements to the understanding of the Enneagram Types. In 1995, Katherine Chernick began her first empirical research exploring the self-image of the nine types. This research revealed that each Enneagram Type had a self-image that included positive attributes accompanied by a set of core fears. More importantly, the image statements combined with the corresponding core fears revealed the more hidden, ‘internal experience’ of type. This further explained the underlying motivations that drive the behaviors of the nine types. In 1996, Katherine and David Fauvre began building systems to confirm these findings.

Type-Self-Image and Core Fears

1-I am good, I am right, I am in control, I am diligent, and I am appropriate. Resentment with the fear of being wrong, bad, evil, or corruptible.

2-I am caring, I am nurturing, I am helpful, I am altruistic, and I am appealing. Pride with the fear of being worthless, needy, inconsequential, or dispensable.

3-I am successful, I am efficient, I am competent, I am focused, and I am productive. Vanity with the fear of failing, being incompetent, inefficient, exposed, or unable to do.

4-I am unique, I am special, I am deep, I am accomplished, and I am tasteful. Envy with the fear of being inadequate, emotionally cut off, defective, or flawed.

5-I am perceptive, I am knowledgeable, I am observant, I am wise, and I am different. Avarice with the fear of being ignorant, invaded, not existing, annihilation, or obligation.

6-I am dedicated, I am dutiful, I am provocative, I am loyal, I am compliant, and/or rebellious. Fear of Fear itself, submitting, being alone, blamed, targeted, or physical abandoned.

7-I am happy, I am optimistic, I am fun, I am enthusiastic, and I am playful. Gluttony with the fear of being incomplete, inferior, limited, bored, or missing out.

8-I am invincible, I am powerful, I am protective, I am straight-forward, and I am authentic. Excess with the fear of being weak, powerless, harmed, controlled, or manipulated.

9-I am agreeable, I am easy going, I am peaceful, I am humble, and I am unassuming. Indolence with the fear of being in conflict, loveless, shut out, discordant, or inharmonious.

The 639 Tritype

I promised a long time ago to say more about the 6w7 639 Tritype.

The 369 Tritype is the primary Tritype and the most amenable and adaptable of the 27. This Tritype includes the core type of each center of intelligence. The core of each center is seeking to balance the opposites within each center to create resolution. The core of each center is usually out of touch with the focus of their respective center and tend to be caught in the dance of opposites created by the opposing defense strategies of the wings in each center. So the 6 as the center of the head triad struggles to trust themselves and their own inner guidance. They oscillate between feeling they need to be an expert about something or feeling they need to know a little about everything to feel safe. 

So, the 3 is trying to manage the overall fear of being ignored, the 6 is trying to manage the fear of fear itself and chaos and the 9 is trying to manage the fear of being overlooked and unimportant. Together, the focus is on creating, restoring and maintaining peaceful relating.

If your Tritype is the 369 it reinforces the primary issues. As a result, neutralizing conflict is a primary concern.

The 7 wing gives the 6 a lighter touch and a desire to manage stress with quick witted, often self-deprecating humor. So, the 6w7 with the 639 is the friendly boy or girl next door that wants to engage with others as a means of survival.

This strategy is true even if the person is shy. And, the extroverted 639 still feels cautious and/or has doubts but the extraversion makes it easier to bridge their shyness by saying something funny and/or witty. The introverted 639 uses their shy smile to disarm and engage others.

Self Preserving 639
The self-preserving 639 is preoccupied with their physical needs. They focus on their sense of security and what will keep them feeling safe, nurtured, and comfortable. They tend to worry about everything associated with their essential needs, focusing on the demands of their home, job, pension, and family, etc.

Being disarming and friendly are tools of the trade for the self-preserving 6. And a friendly, and socially acceptable partner may be considered just as important as a good job as both reinforce that they have what they need in times of uncertainty. As such, they monitor their physical needs and resources to gage if they are safe and secure. To maintain a sense of well being they may also track the physical needs of their designated other(s). This can be exhausting and feel difficult to manage so they often keep their world small, letting in only one person or a trusted few.

The Social 639
The social 639 is preoccupied with their place or position within the group(s) of their choosing. Ideally, their group needs to be considered socially acceptable and their partner needs to be considered friendly and successful to insure and maintain the security that comes from status. 

They focus on being dutiful and supportive to the people, beliefs, values and/or creeds they have chosen to align with. As such, they monitor who is doing what with whom and whether or not feel included and secure. To maintain their security they seek a role or position within their group(s) and family systems to insure they have others that will come to their aid should they need it. They see themselves as dedicated and loyal to the people in their lives. They instinctively shape shift and become what their others need in order to be deemed worthy of admiration and protection. 

The sexual 639
The sexual 639 is preoccupied with selecting and/or being a desirable and irresistible alpha mate. They are more intense and counter-phobic than the self-preserving and social 6. They seek intensity and chemistry in their intimate relationships and tend to push the edge in whatever they do. They manage their fears and anxiety by jumping into situations that cause distress proving to themselves that they are strong enough to manage whatever feels threatening. They can move from fear to action in nano seconds when they have already projected a worst-case scenario and have prepared for it. As a result they may not identify with having fear.

The sexual 639 focuses on having and being strong enough and/or beautiful enough to attract a desirable mate that will stand beside them and protect them when they feel insecure. Strength may mean physical strength and beauty or can be defined as someone that is extremely smart and competent. Ideally, they want their mate and close friends to be extraordinary in some way they feel they are not. As such, they may choose a mate that they think is smarter than most so that they feel they have all of their bases covered. To that end, they adapt to what their mate or partners want to insure they have their special someone that will stand together with them against an uncertain world.

Working with the 468 Tritype

Why are 468s so intense?
All 468s, regardless of the order of the types in their Enneagram Tritype, have a strong innate sense of urgency.  The 468 is the Enneagram Tritype that is comprised of the emotionally expressive type from each of the 3 centers: head (567), heart (234), and gut (891). As such, they are visceral and reactive.  They respond immediately to any and all perceived threats, whether real or imagined.

Truth Teller
I call this Tritype the 'Truth Teller' because those with this Tritype feel an intense need to call off their view of reality and say that ‘the emperor has no clothes’ even if they will be chastised for saying it. 

 

 Biological Imperative
Think of the 468 viewpoints and responses as important biological imperatives.  Everyone and every family and/or group needs those that will not delay and will act instantly in an emergency.

The Enneagram 468 defense strategy is uniquely designed to handle emergencies. Many professions, such as high-risk emergency medical services, require employees that are sensitive to the needs of others but are still able to make life or death decisions straightaway and without hesitation.

 The 468s have a finely tuned sense of emotional attunement and sense what others feel (4). They feel potential threats at a sharper pitch (6) than the other Tritypes. They also have a visceral experience of their emotions with an intense need to take immediate action (8) and voice their concerns (468). They are highly intuitive and are alert to imminent threats long before others. They are fiercely loyal and protective of those they love and whomever or whatever they care about. They are willing to speak their truth regardless of the consequences. They track their instinctual intuitions and warn others in an attempt to manage their own emotional distress.

Too Intense?
Due to their emotional sensitivity and sense of urgency, 468s tend to react immediately to whatever upsets them before they can stop and think about the best way to say or do something. There are times when their immediate reaction is essential and necessary but there are far more times when their style is perceived as far too much and expressed far too often.  The reason for this is that the 468s can often react prematurely before they have all the facts. Due to their impulsivity, they also find it difficult to stop and consider how they should deliver their message in a manner that others will respect and value. 

The problem is that in a heightened emotional state 468s say things with a great deal of intensity. They can lose sight of what is called for and also what is in their own best interest. When they are emotionally upset and feel unheard they often become angry and can say things they really don’t mean.  At these times, others see them as over the top and inappropriate.  Ironically, the very same attributes that make them great in an emergency can make them appear emotionally out of control when there is not an emergency others can see. Having said that, the level of health of the 468 has a lot to do with how they voice their concerns, both what they say and how they say it.

When the 468s are stressed their reactivity increases. This intensity of emotion begins to diminish the value of what they are trying to address.  To others, they are seen as complaining and crying wolf… Over time, if the 468 remains in distress, they will often lose the social skills needed for others to listen to what they have to say.  If this continues, the 468s often become even more anti-social and can be so intense and belligerent that others will ignore them. Sadly, their concerns will go unheard and be invalidated.

Working with the 468
468s can have trouble identifying what is a true emergency and what just feels like an emergency. If their internal alarm bells go off, the 468s are in fight or flight. Once their emotions are triggered their adrenaline is running in hyper-drive and needs to be discharged. So it is extremely difficult for the 468 Tritype to slow down and delay reacting.

One of the best ways I have learned to help the 468s achieve a sense of equanimity or emotional balance is to know when to tell the truth and when not to.

The 468s see things in black and white.  It helps if they can learn to see the value of gray.  They are highly emotional and intuitive.  As a result, they see problems far in advance of others. If their concerns are not addressed they continue to assert the merit of their concerns. In their attempt to convince others that their views are accurate they can alienate others.  Teaching the 468 how to communicate their concerns without alienating others is paramount.

Unbeknown to the 468 is their need for others to act on their concerns in order for them to feel safe.  They secretly feel disempowered and emotionally dependent on others. What they have not recognized is that they can validate their concerns even if others do not.  In a sense, they can become their own trusted authority. They can acknowledge the part of themselves that is feeling panic and learn how to self-soothe regardless of what others are doing. When they can identify and acknowledge their fears and validate their concerns they will feel less of a need for others to act in accordance with their concerns.  When they act as their own agent, their feelings of intensity and immediate action will begin to slow down.

468s tend to see their fears in exaggerated ways; large, loud and looming, and in vivid color. This intensity of the senses helps the 468s react in an emergency but when there is no real imminent danger this intensity cause the 468s to feel panic and distress.  468s can learn to recognize the beginning signs of being on guard. They can learn to feel their muscles tighten, their eyes widen, their jaw lock and their hands roll into a fist. Physical alertness can warn them that they are ready and poised to act.  They can then learn how to interfere with this primal response to stimuli and use strategies to minimize the intensity of the reaction by shrinking the images, fading the intensity of the colors of the images, turn down the volume that says act now and slow their pulse. Conscious attention to these innate impulses can reduce the level of their reactivity.

Transformation through Insight
Intellectual understanding of their process can help the 468s before their impulses are on red alert.  They can learn to appreciate why they feel the way they do as well as why it is not always in their best interest to act on their impulses.  Like all Tritypes with 8, they can remember that ‘their’ truth is not always ‘the’ truth. And, that knowing their truth, even if they are right, does not mean that they have to immediately tell people their truth all of the time. They can learn to recognize that they will feel far more empowered and serve the greater good when they discover when it is better not to speak their truth.

The 468 needs to remember that not everyone sees or responds to the threats they perceive in the same manner… that the other Tritypes’ responses are also important biological imperatives. And, that the other Tritypes do not feel the same sense of urgency over the same issues because they are tracking different imperatives. 

468s benefit from remembering that it takes all types. And, that another’s lack of emotional response may be the diversity required to have a balanced and more satisfactory outcome to a problem. It is also helpful for the 468 to remember that others have their own life journey and may need to make their own mistakes to learn what is important. Most people know when they have made a mistake and/or overreacted and do not need any one to remind them.

When the 468s learn that their view of reality while valid, does not mean it will be the reality of others, they will begin to feel more at ease with others’ lack of reactivity. When they can accept these different views of reality they will be able to accept the lessons that are frustrating to 'Truth Tellers' such as patience. Even though they see things with such intense clarity it is often not their duty to call it off. Sometimes the 259 Tritype that says wait and see might reveal additional information that may be more effective in the long run.

Self-Inquiry
The most important question ‘truth tellers’ can ask themselves is - "What is my emotional need?” “What is my underlying motive for 'warning' others and why do I need them to agree with my point of view in order to relax?"

Reflection
468s sincerely believe that they are voicing what others should know and do. Upon reflection, the 468s can identify the fears they were experiencing when they dramatically expressed their views, and/or had an emotional outburst.  They can then examine the situation with fresh eyes rather than trying to convince others of their viewpoint. Reemphasizing their initial concerns is a clue that the 468s are still in fear are not letting go.  With insight, they can learn to accept the outcome following an emotional situation by tending to their own unmet needs that they disowned. With acceptance and ease in relating, like the natural state of the 279, they can begin to feel comfortable regardless of whether or not others agree with them.

 Instead of continuing to press others to validate their point of view, 468s can learn to self-soothe by trusting what is.  When the 468 comes from a place of essence they no longer need others to see what they see and will not feel distress when others do not see the circumstances in the same way.  They will be able to experience other people's lack of action as simply a truth of a different bias.  They will be able to let go even though it may seem 'counter-intuitive' to a truth teller.

Blind Spots
Subjective truth and over reactivity are the blind spots of the 468s.  And the growing edge for ‘truth tellers’ is learning to let go by having faith in others and a power greater than their own (6), realizing that their truth may not be 'the' truth (8) and letting go emotionally rather than intensifying feelings (4).  It is only by letting go of their position that 468s will feel a sense of inner peace.

 This truth is very challenging for the high-strung and emotionally intuitive 468s because they value transparency. The key is for them to see it that they do not see themselves the way others see them and that they are just as transparent as others. They can learn a great deal about themselves by and their impact on others by listening to what others have to say about them.

Dominant type leading the 468
648, 684
These Tritypes with type 6 leading are paradoxical. Ironically the 6s with this Tritype are the most hyper-reactive 6 but they are still tentative and apprehensive.  Their mental projections can make their reactions very confusing to others. They may at times show their anxiety and look timid and in need of support and at other times they can be so intensely assertive and provocative that their needs go unseen. The high side of these Tritypes is that they are extremely devoted and dutiful to those to whom they are attached. They are very loyal and protective.


468,486
These Tritypes with type 4 leading are the most emotionally intense of all the Tritypes. The 4 ‘passion for protest’ with the 6 doubt and the fear of being mislead combined with the 8 fear of being powerless makes these 4s appear very 8ish. They are very sensitive and emotional but are also extremely expressive and argumentative. These 4s have powerful emotions and a great need to express themselves which is why they can appear even more 8ish that the 8s. They are fiercely loyal and lovingly protective of those to whom they are attached.

 864,846
These Tritypes with type 8 leading are very intense and definitive. Ironically, these Tritypes with 8 leading are softer than the 4 and 6 with this Tritype. The 4’s emotional sensitivity and the 6’s need to engage cause these 8s to demonstrate fierce devotion as well as fierce opposition. These 8s are very outspoken and easily call off their truth. They are quick to anger but are just as quick to get over it. Due to the 4 in these Tritypes, these 8s are more tenderhearted and emotionally sensitive and available than say the 863 that is more driven to succeed by not expressing the emotions that can slow the 8 down.

Working with a 468
The 468s are meant to sound the alarm. They are the most emotionally intense Tritype. They are not trying to be too much. They are trying to protect those in their world. We need these fierce protectors. A good rule of thumb is to remember that even though they have 8 in the Tritype, they have trouble self-soothing. They need to learn how to internalize their own trusted authority to let go of their need to convince others of their viewpoint. When triggered, they are in red alert and are asking to be heard and validated so that they can calm down. Remember that no matter how much the 468s are over-reacting, there is always some truth in what they are saying.  Also remember that what the 468s are saying is that they need to know that you have heard them and have validated their concerns.  Most of all, they are saying that they need your help to restore a sense of inner calm. If you can help them to remember to have faith in whatever happens they will find their own sense of equanimity.